近20年来我国沉积物环境与污染控制研究进展与展望
Alternative TitleResearch Progress and Prospect of Sediment Environment and Pollution Control in China in Recent 20 Years
范成新1; 刘敏2; 王圣瑞3; 方红卫4; 夏星辉5; 曹文志6; 丁士明1; 侯立军7; 王沛芳8; 陈敬安9; 游静10; 王菊英11; 盛彦清12; 朱伟13
Source Publication地球科学进展
ISSN1001-8166
2021
Volume36Issue:4Pages:346-374
Keyword沉积物 环境效应 生态风险 质量基准 污染控制与修复 处理利用 中国
MOST Discipline CatalogueGeology
AbstractInland water bodies(lakes,reservoirs,swamps,rivers)and estuarine oceans are widely and continuously distributed with sediments,which are affected by natural and human activities in the process of their formation,and have environmental significance and characteristics related to pollutants. There are great regional differences in China,and the environmental problems are more prominent. After decades of research on sediment environment and pollution control,the relevant achievements in China continue to emerge. This paper first introduces some international landmark studies on sediment environment and reviews the development of sediment research in China in the past 70 years.Then,the main research progress of China in the research fields of sediment environment and pollution control in recent 20 years are systematically summarized,which are the role and effect of sediment in water environment,environmental behavior and influencing factors of pollutants at sediment-water interface,ecological risk and quality criteria of sediments,in-situ remediation of contaminated sediments,environmental dredging and ex-situ disposal as well utilization of contaminated sediments. And the relationship and difference of some research results are reviewed. At the end of the paper,the existing problems of sediment environmental research in China are analyzed,and several scientific and technical problems that need to be studied urgently and deeply,such as interdisciplinary,composite pollution,emerging/non-traditional pollutants, quality criteria, and governance technology innovation, are put forward. The solutions and approaches are proposed,and the prospects are also given.
Other Abstract内陆水体(湖泊、水库、沼泽、河流)和河口海洋等底部,广泛且连续分布着沉积物质,在其形成过程中受自然和人类活动影响,具有与污染物有关的环境意义和特征。中国区域差异大,环境问题较为突出,经过近几十年来围绕沉积物环境和污染控制开展的研究,我国相关成果不断涌现。首先介绍了国际上有关沉积物环境的若干里程碑性研究,回顾了前70年我国沉积物研究的发展历程。然后侧重于与人为活动有关的环境污染,分别从沉积物环境和污染控制修复两个方面,总结和归纳了近20年来中国在沉积物水环境中的作用及效应、污染物在沉积物水界面环境行为与影响因素、沉积物生态风险与质量基准、污染沉积物的原位修复、污染沉积物疏浚及异位处置利用等方面的主要研究进展,评述了其中一些研究成果的联系和差异。最后对我国沉积物环境研究中存在的问题进行了分析,提出关于多学科交叉、复合污染、新兴/非传统污染物、质量基准、治理技术创新等几个亟需和深入开展研究的科学和技术问题,给出了解决的思路和途径,并进行了展望。
SubtypeReview
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金重点项目 ; 国家自然科学基金联合基金项目 ; 国家自然科学基金重大研究计划重点支持项目 ; 国家自然科学基金重大研究计划重点支持项目
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6987806
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.yic.ac.cn/handle/133337/30272
Collection中国科学院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室_海岸带环境工程技术研究与发展中心
Affiliation1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室,江苏南京210008;
2.地理信息科学教育部重点实验室,华东师范大学地理科学学院,上海200240;
3.北京师范大学珠海校区水科学研究中心,粤港水安全保障联合实验室,广东珠海519087;
4.清华大学水沙科学与水利水电工程国家重点实验室,北京100084;
5.北京师范大学水沙科学教育部重点实验室,北京100875;
6.厦门大学环境与生态学院,福建厦门361102;
7.华东师范大学地理科学学院,上海200240;
8.河海大学浅水湖泊综合治理与资源开发教育部重点实验室,江苏南京210098;
9.中国科学院地球化学研究所环境地球化学国家重点实验室,贵州贵阳550081;
10.暨南大学环境学院,广东广州511443;
11.国家海洋环境监测中心国家环境保护近岸海域生态环境重点实验室,辽宁大连266003;
12.中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所中国科学院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室,山东烟台264003;
13.河海大学环境学院,江苏南京210098
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
范成新,刘敏,王圣瑞,等. 近20年来我国沉积物环境与污染控制研究进展与展望[J]. 地球科学进展,2021,36(4):346-374.
APA 范成新.,刘敏.,王圣瑞.,方红卫.,夏星辉.,...&朱伟.(2021).近20年来我国沉积物环境与污染控制研究进展与展望.地球科学进展,36(4),346-374.
MLA 范成新,et al."近20年来我国沉积物环境与污染控制研究进展与展望".地球科学进展 36.4(2021):346-374.
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