Health effects of banning beehive coke ovens and implementation of the ban in China
Xu, Yang1,2; Shen, Huizhong1,2; Yun, Xiao1,2; Gao, Fei1,2; Chen, Yilin1,2; Li, Bengang1,2; Liu, Junfeng1,2; Ma, Jianmin1,2; Wang, Xilong1,2; Liu, Xueping1,2; Tian, Chongguo3; Xing, Baoshan4; Tao, Shu1,2
2018-03-13
发表期刊PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
ISSN0027-8424
卷号115期号:11页码:2693-2698
摘要Environmental legislation and proper implementation are critical in environmental protection. In the past, beehive coke ovens (BCOs) were popular in China, resulting in enormous emissions of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), a common indicator of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. BCOs were banned by the Coal Law in 1996. Although BCO numbers have declined since the ban, they were not eliminated until 2011 due to poor implementation. Here, we present the results of a quantitative evaluation of the health effects of historical BCO operation, the health benefits of the ban, and the adverse impacts of the poor implementation of the ban. With only limited official statistics available, historical and geospatial data about BCOs were reconstructed based on satellite images. Emission inventories of BaP from BCOs were compiled and used to model atmospheric transport, nonoccupational population exposure, and induced lung cancer risk. We demonstrated that more than 20% of the BaP in ambient air was from BCOs in the peak year. The cumulative non-occupational excess lung cancer cases associated with BaP from BCOs was 3,500 (+/- 1,500) from 1982 to 2015. If there was no ban, the cases would be as high as 9,290 (+/- 4,300), indicating the significant health benefits of the Coal Law. On the other hand, if the ban had been fully implemented immediately after the law was enforced in 1996, the cumulative cases would be 1,500 (+/- 620), showing the importance of implementing the law.
关键词Beehive Coke Oven Lung Cancer Risk Benzo[a]Pyrene Ban Law Implementation
DOI10.1073/pnas.1714389115
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(41390240, 41571130010, 41629101) ; 111 Program(B14001) ; Undergraduate Student Research Training Program
收录类别SCI
关键词[WOS]POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS ; CANCER RISK ; EMISSIONS ; AIR
文章类型Article
语种英语
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000427245400054
出版者NATL ACAD SCIENCES
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.yic.ac.cn/handle/133337/24024
专题中科院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室
通讯作者Tao, Shu
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Lab Earth Surface Proc, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Sinofrench Inst Earth Syst Sci, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res, Yantai 264003, Shandong, Peoples R China
4.Univ Massachusetts, Stockbridge Sch Agr, Amherst, MA 01003 USA
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Xu, Yang,Shen, Huizhong,Yun, Xiao,et al. Health effects of banning beehive coke ovens and implementation of the ban in China[J]. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,2018,115(11):2693-2698.
APA Xu, Yang.,Shen, Huizhong.,Yun, Xiao.,Gao, Fei.,Chen, Yilin.,...&Tao, Shu.(2018).Health effects of banning beehive coke ovens and implementation of the ban in China.PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,115(11),2693-2698.
MLA Xu, Yang,et al."Health effects of banning beehive coke ovens and implementation of the ban in China".PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 115.11(2018):2693-2698.
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