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Thermal Properties of Biochars Derived from Waste Biomass Generated by Agricultural and Forestry Sectors
Yang, Xing1,2; Wang, Hailong2,3; Strong, Peter James4; Xu, Song1; Liu, Shujuan1; Lu, Kouping2; Sheng, Kuichuan5; Guo, Jia6; Che, Lei7; He, Lizhi2; Ok, Yong Sik8,9; Yuan, Guodong10,11; Shen, Ying2; Chen, Xin1; Xu, S (reprint author), Foshan Univ, Sch Environm & Chem Engn, Foshan 528000, Peoples R China.
2017-04-01
Source PublicationENERGIES
ISSN1996-1073
Volume10Issue:4Pages:-469
Contribution Rank[Yang, Xing; Xu, Song; Liu, Shujuan; Chen, Xin] Foshan Univ, Sch Environm & Chem Engn, Foshan 528000, Peoples R China; [Yang, Xing; Wang, Hailong; Lu, Kouping; He, Lizhi; Shen, Ying] Zhejiang Agr & Forestry Univ, Key Lab Soil Contaminat Bioremediat Zhejiang Prov, Sch Environm & Resource Sci, Hangzhou 311300, Zhejiang, Peoples R China; [Wang, Hailong] Foshan Univ, Dept Environm Engn, Foshan 528000, Peoples R China; [Strong, Peter James] Univ Queensland, Ctr Solid Waste Bioproc, Sch Civil Engn, Sch Chem Engn, St Lucia, Qld 4072, Australia; [Sheng, Kuichuan] Zhejiang Univ, Coll Biosyst Engn & Food Sci, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, Peoples R China; [Guo, Jia] Zhejiang Chengbang Landscape Co Ltd, Hangzhou 310008, Zhejiang, Peoples R China; [Che, Lei] Huzhou Univ, Sch Engn, Huzhou 313000, Peoples R China; [Ok, Yong Sik] Kangwon Natl Univ, Sch Nat Resources & Environm Sci, Chunchon 24341, South Korea; [Ok, Yong Sik] Kangwon Natl Univ, Korea Biochar Res Ctr, Chunchon 24341, South Korea; [Yuan, Guodong] Chinese Acad Sci, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res, Yantai 264003, Peoples R China; [Yuan, Guodong] Guangdong Dazhong Agr Sci Co Ltd, Dongguan 523169, Peoples R China
AbstractWaste residues produced by agricultural and forestry industries can generate energy and are regarded as a promising source of sustainable fuels. Pyrolysis, where waste biomass is heated under low-oxygen conditions, has recently attracted attention as a means to add value to these residues. The material is carbonized and yields a solid product known as biochar. In this study, eight types of biomass were evaluated for their suitability as raw material to produce biochar. Material was pyrolyzed at either 350 degrees C or 500 degrees C and changes in ash content, volatile solids, fixed carbon, higher heating value (HHV) and yield were assessed. For pyrolysis at 350 degrees C, significant correlations (p < 0.01) between the biochars' ash and fixed carbon content and their HHVs were observed. Masson pine wood and Chinese fir wood biochars pyrolyzed at 350 degrees C and the bamboo sawdust biochar pyrolyzed at 500 degrees C were suitable for direct use in fuel applications, as reflected by their higher HHVs, higher energy density, greater fixed carbon and lower ash contents. Rice straw was a poor substrate as the resultant biochar contained less than 60% fixed carbon and a relatively low HHV. Of the suitable residues, carbonization via pyrolysis is a promising technology to add value to pecan shells and Miscanthus.
KeywordBiochar Biomass Higher Heating Value (Hhv) Proximate Analysis Renewable Energy
Department中科院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室
Subject AreaEnergy & Fuels
DOI10.3390/en10040469
URL查看原文
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordHYDROTHERMAL CARBONIZATION ; HEATING VALUE ; PYROLYSIS ; CHINA ; CONVERSION ; EMISSIONS ; FUEL ; CHAR ; GAS ; MISCANTHUS
SubtypeArticle
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnergy & Fuels
WOS IDWOS:000400065000058
Citation statistics
Cited Times:25[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.yic.ac.cn/handle/133337/22057
Collection中科院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorXu, S (reprint author), Foshan Univ, Sch Environm & Chem Engn, Foshan 528000, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.Foshan Univ, Sch Environm & Chem Engn, Foshan 528000, Peoples R China
2.Zhejiang Agr & Forestry Univ, Key Lab Soil Contaminat Bioremediat Zhejiang Prov, Sch Environm & Resource Sci, Hangzhou 311300, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
3.Foshan Univ, Dept Environm Engn, Foshan 528000, Peoples R China
4.Univ Queensland, Ctr Solid Waste Bioproc, Sch Civil Engn, Sch Chem Engn, St Lucia, Qld 4072, Australia
5.Zhejiang Univ, Coll Biosyst Engn & Food Sci, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
6.Zhejiang Chengbang Landscape Co Ltd, Hangzhou 310008, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
7.Huzhou Univ, Sch Engn, Huzhou 313000, Peoples R China
8.Kangwon Natl Univ, Sch Nat Resources & Environm Sci, Chunchon 24341, South Korea
9.Kangwon Natl Univ, Korea Biochar Res Ctr, Chunchon 24341, South Korea
10.Chinese Acad Sci, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res, Yantai 264003, Peoples R China
11.Guangdong Dazhong Agr Sci Co Ltd, Dongguan 523169, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Xing,Wang, Hailong,Strong, Peter James,et al. Thermal Properties of Biochars Derived from Waste Biomass Generated by Agricultural and Forestry Sectors[J]. ENERGIES,2017,10(4):-469.
APA Yang, Xing.,Wang, Hailong.,Strong, Peter James.,Xu, Song.,Liu, Shujuan.,...&Xu, S .(2017).Thermal Properties of Biochars Derived from Waste Biomass Generated by Agricultural and Forestry Sectors.ENERGIES,10(4),-469.
MLA Yang, Xing,et al."Thermal Properties of Biochars Derived from Waste Biomass Generated by Agricultural and Forestry Sectors".ENERGIES 10.4(2017):-469.
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