YIC-IR  > 中科院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室
Alternative TitlePhysiological and ecological responses of hetan and chaotan Phragmites australis to salt stress
陈琳1,2; 张俪文1; 刘子亭2; 路峰3; 冯光海3; 颜坤1; 韩广轩1
Source Publication生态学报
Keyword盐胁迫 Na~+流速 光合作用 抗氧化酶 脯氨酸 芦苇
MOST Discipline CataloguePlant Sciences
AbstractCharacterizing the different physiological and ecological responses of Phragmites australis from two habitats in the Yellow River delta to salt stress can provide important theoretical support for the selection of P. australis types for the ecological restoration of degraded coastal wetlands. The Na~+ content,photosynthetic parameters,H_2O_2 content,antioxidant enzyme activity,malondialdehyde content,and proline content of leaves from hetan (low-salt habitat,riverside) and chaotan (high-salt habitat,high marsh) P. australis grown under salt stress conditions (300 mmol/L NaCl) were compared,along with the Na~+ flux of the root growth area. Salt stress significantly increased the Na~+ content in the hetan leaves but had no significant effect on that of the chaotan leaves. Furthermore,non-invasive micro-test technology(NMT) revealed greater Na~+ efflux in the chaotan plants((1982.05122.74) pmol cm~(-2) s~(-1) vs. (87.9312.94) pmol cm~(-2) s~(-1),P< 0.01) than in the hetan plants((1574.16458.90) pmol cm~(-2) s~(-1) vs. (-126.8823.01) pmol cm~(-2) s~(-1),P<0.01), which could be attributed to the need for chaotan P. australis to effectively regulate intracellular ion balance. In addition,the photosynthetic rate of the chaotan plants((16.361.09) mumol m~(-2) s~(-1) vs. (22.79 0.67) mumol m~(-2) s~(-1),P< 0.01) was significantly greater than that of the hetan plants((12.710.97) mumol m~(-2) s~(-1) vs. (23.810.55) mumol m~(-2) s~(-1),P<0.01) after 7 d of salt treatment. Salt stress induced significant increases in the H_2O_2,malondialdehyde,and proline contents of leaves from both P. australis types,as well as in the activity of antioxidant enzymes. Moreover,the activity of glutathione reductase (GR) in chaotan P. australis was increased significantly ((6.901.73) U/mgprot vs. (3.540.54) U/mgprot, P<0.05). These results indicate that chaotan P. australis is more adaptable to salt stress than hetan P. australis,as indicated by the greater Na~+ efflux of its roots,greater proline content,and greater antioxidant enzyme activity,which promote salt-stress tolerance. Therefore,in the ecological restoration of degraded coastal wetlands in the Yellow River delta, P. australis from the high marsh should be selected as the material for vegetation restoration.
Other Abstract研究黄河三角洲两种生境芦苇对盐胁迫的生理生态响应差异,能为退化滨海湿地生态修复中芦苇植株来源的选择提供重要的理论支持。在盐胁迫(300 mmol/L NaCl)下,比较研究了黄河三角洲河滩芦苇(低盐生境)和潮滩芦苇(高盐生境)叶片中的Na~+含量、根部分生区Na~+流速、叶片的光合作用参数、H_2O_2的含量、抗氧化酶的活性、丙二醛和脯氨酸的含量。结果表明:盐胁迫显著提高了河滩芦苇叶片中Na~+含量,但对潮滩芦苇叶片Na~+影响不显著。进一步通过非损伤微测技术研究发现,盐胁迫后,潮滩芦苇比河滩芦苇的根部分生区的Na~+外排流速更高(潮滩芦苇:(1982.05122.74) pmol cm~(-2) s~(-1) vs.(87.9312.94) pmol cm~(-2) s~(-1),P<0.01;河滩芦苇:(1574.16458.90) pmol cm~(-2) s~(-1) vs.(-126.8823.01) pmol cm~(-2) s~(-1),P<0.01),能有效调节细胞内离子平衡。另外,盐处理7天后潮滩芦苇光合速率((16.361.09) mumol m~(-2) s~(-1) vs.(22.790.67) mumol m~(-2) s~(-1),P<0.01)显著高于河滩芦苇((12.710.97) mumol m~(-2) s~(-1) vs.(23.810.55) mumol m~(-2) s~(-1),P<0.01)。盐胁迫诱导了两种芦苇叶片中H_2O_2含量和丙二醛含量的显著升高,而脯氨酸及抗氧化酶的活性也随之显著升高,并且也显著升高了潮滩芦苇的谷胱甘肽还原酶(GR)活性((6.901.73) U/mg蛋白质vs.(3.540.54) U/mg蛋白质,P<0.05)。综上,潮滩芦苇比河滩芦苇更适应盐胁迫,因其根系具有更高的排Na能力,且脯氨酸含量及抗氧化酶活性较高,提高了抗逆性。因此,在黄河三角洲退化滨海湿地生态修复中,可以优先选择潮滩芦苇作为植被修复的材料。
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金面上项目 ; 中国科学院青年创新促进会 ; 山东省林业科技创新项目
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陈琳,张俪文,刘子亭,等. 黄河三角洲河滩与潮滩芦苇对盐胁迫的生理生态响应[J]. 生态学报,2020,40(6):2090-2098.
APA 陈琳.,张俪文.,刘子亭.,路峰.,冯光海.,...&韩广轩.(2020).黄河三角洲河滩与潮滩芦苇对盐胁迫的生理生态响应.生态学报,40(6),2090-2098.
MLA 陈琳,et al."黄河三角洲河滩与潮滩芦苇对盐胁迫的生理生态响应".生态学报 40.6(2020):2090-2098.
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