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入侵植物互花米草的资源化利用研究进展 期刊论文
中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2019, 卷号: 27, 期号: 12, 页码: 1870-1879
Authors:  谢宝华, 路峰, 韩广轩
Favorite  |  View/Download:104/0  |  Submit date:2020/01/09
入侵植物  互花米草  资源化利用  秸秆资源  药用价值  耐盐基因  Invasive plant  Spartina alterniflora  Resource utilization  Straw resource  Medicinal value  Salt tolerant gene  In China, Spartina alterniflora, an invasive alien plant species, covers an area of approximately 54 600 hectares. The total dry matter of the aboveground part of S. alterniflora is 7.5*10~5~1.15*10~6 tons per year. The control and utilization of S. alterniflora have received increasing attention. A combined utilization and control approach could produce simultaneous economic and ecological benefits. Studies of the utilization of S. alterniflora in China tended to focus on the direct utilization of straw, including its use as fuel, feed, and raw material. These methods of utilization were generally low-value. Possible high-value utilization includes the medicinal value of S. alterniflora and its salt-tolerant genes. In all the studies, the largest proportion (43%) of straw was utilized as fuel, whereas the smallest proportion (approximately 8%) was utilized for other purposes, such as fertilizer and for its salt-tolerant genes. Previous studies have focused on utilization technologies, but they have not looked at S. alterniflora collection technology and market promotion. In the future, attention should be paid to every link of the industry chain of S. alterniflora utilization, and cooperation between research institutions and enterprises is essential for the synchronous development of industry, education, and research.