YIC-IR  > 中科院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室
China's coastal wetlands: Conservation history, implementation efforts, existing issues and strategies for future improvement
Sun, Zhigao1,2,3; Sun, Wenguang4; Tong, Chuan1,2,3; Zeng, Congsheng1,2,3; Yu, Xiang4; Mou, Xiaojie5; Sun, ZG (reprint author), Fujian Normal Univ, Inst Geog, Fuzhou 350007, Peoples R China. zhigaosun@163.com
2015-06-01
Source PublicationENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL
ISSN0160-4120
Volume79Pages:25-41
Contribution Rank[Sun, Zhigao; Tong, Chuan; Zeng, Congsheng] Fujian Normal Univ, Inst Geog, Fuzhou 350007, Peoples R China; [Sun, Zhigao; Tong, Chuan; Zeng, Congsheng] Fujian Normal Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Humid Subtrop Ecogeog Proc, Fuzhou 350007, Peoples R China; [Sun, Zhigao; Tong, Chuan; Zeng, Congsheng] Fujian Normal Univ, State Key Lab Subtrop Mt Ecol, Fuzhou 350007, Peoples R China; [Sun, Wenguang; Yu, Xiang] Chinese Acad Sci, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res, Yantai 264003, Shandong, Peoples R China; [Mou, Xiaojie] Chinese Acad Sci, Northeast Inst Geog & Agroecol, Changchun 130102, Peoples R China
AbstractChina has approximately 5.80 x 10(6) ha coastal wetlands by 2014, accounting for 10.82% of the total area of natural wetlands. Healthy coastal wetland ecosystems play an important role in guaranteeing the territory ecological security and the sustainable development of coastal zone in China. In this paper, the natural geography and the past and present status of China's coastal wetlands were introduced and the five stages (1950s-1970s, 1980s-1991, 1992-2002, 2003-2010 and 2011-present) of China's coastal wetlands conservation from the foundation of the People's Republic in 1949 to present were distinguished and reviewed. Over the past decades, China has made great efforts in coastal wetland conservation, as signified by the implementation of coastal wetland restoration projects, the construction of coastal wetland nature reserves, the practice of routine ecological monitoring and two national wetland surveys, the promulgation of local wetland conservation statutes and specific regulations, the coordination mechanism to enhance management capacity, the wide development of coastal wetland research and public participation, and the extensive communication to strengthen international cooperation. Nonetheless, six major issues recently emerged in China's coastal wetland conservation are evidently existed, including the increasing threats of pollution and human activities, the increasing adverse effects of threaten factors on ecosystem function, the increasing threats of coastal erosion and sea-level rising, the insufficient funding for coastal wetlands conservation, the imperfect legal and management system for coastal wetlands, and the insufficient education, research and international cooperation. Although the threats and pressures on coastal wetlands conservation are still apparent, the future of China's coastal wetlands looks promising since the Chinese government understands that the sustainable development in coastal zone requires new attitudes, sound policies and concerted efforts at all levels. The major strategies for future improvement of China's coastal wetland conservation include: exploring effective measures in response to major threaten factors; improving the conservation and compensation system for coastal wetlands; strengthening coastal wetland legislation and management; increasing funds for coastal wetland conservation and research; and Strengthening coastal wetland education and international cooperation. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; China has approximately 5.80 x 10(6) ha coastal wetlands by 2014, accounting for 10.82% of the total area of natural wetlands. Healthy coastal wetland ecosystems play an important role in guaranteeing the territory ecological security and the sustainable development of coastal zone in China. In this paper, the natural geography and the past and present status of China's coastal wetlands were introduced and the five stages (1950s-1970s, 1980s-1991, 1992-2002, 2003-2010 and 2011-present) of China's coastal wetlands conservation from the foundation of the People's Republic in 1949 to present were distinguished and reviewed. Over the past decades, China has made great efforts in coastal wetland conservation, as signified by the implementation of coastal wetland restoration projects, the construction of coastal wetland nature reserves, the practice of routine ecological monitoring and two national wetland surveys, the promulgation of local wetland conservation statutes and specific regulations, the coordination mechanism to enhance management capacity, the wide development of coastal wetland research and public participation, and the extensive communication to strengthen international cooperation. Nonetheless, six major issues recently emerged in China's coastal wetland conservation are evidently existed, including the increasing threats of pollution and human activities, the increasing adverse effects of threaten factors on ecosystem function, the increasing threats of coastal erosion and sea-level rising, the insufficient funding for coastal wetlands conservation, the imperfect legal and management system for coastal wetlands, and the insufficient education, research and international cooperation. Although the threats and pressures on coastal wetlands conservation are still apparent, the future of China's coastal wetlands looks promising since the Chinese government understands that the sustainable development in coastal zone requires new attitudes, sound policies and concerted efforts at all levels. The major strategies for future improvement of China's coastal wetland conservation include: exploring effective measures in response to major threaten factors; improving the conservation and compensation system for coastal wetlands; strengthening coastal wetland legislation and management; increasing funds for coastal wetland conservation and research; and Strengthening coastal wetland education and international cooperation. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordCoastal Wetlands Conservation And Restoration Conservation Efforts Ecological Compensation Wetland Legislation
Department中科院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室
Subject AreaEnvironmental Sciences
DOI10.1016/j.envint.2015.02.017
Funding OrganizationEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
Indexed BySCI
WOS KeywordPROTECTION ; STATE
SubtypeReview
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS IDWOS:000353852800004
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.yic.ac.cn/handle/133337/8619
Collection中科院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorSun, ZG (reprint author), Fujian Normal Univ, Inst Geog, Fuzhou 350007, Peoples R China. zhigaosun@163.com
Affiliation1.Fujian Normal Univ, Inst Geog, Fuzhou 350007, Peoples R China
2.Fujian Normal Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Humid Subtrop Ecogeog Proc, Fuzhou 350007, Peoples R China
3.Fujian Normal Univ, State Key Lab Subtrop Mt Ecol, Fuzhou 350007, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res, Yantai 264003, Shandong, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Northeast Inst Geog & Agroecol, Changchun 130102, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sun, Zhigao,Sun, Wenguang,Tong, Chuan,et al. China's coastal wetlands: Conservation history, implementation efforts, existing issues and strategies for future improvement[J]. ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL,2015,79:25-41.
APA Sun, Zhigao.,Sun, Wenguang.,Tong, Chuan.,Zeng, Congsheng.,Yu, Xiang.,...&Sun, ZG .(2015).China's coastal wetlands: Conservation history, implementation efforts, existing issues and strategies for future improvement.ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL,79,25-41.
MLA Sun, Zhigao,et al."China's coastal wetlands: Conservation history, implementation efforts, existing issues and strategies for future improvement".ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL 79(2015):25-41.
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