YIC-IR  > 海岸带信息集成与综合管理实验室
A review of environment problems in the coastal sea of South China
Han, Qiuying1; Huang, Xiaoping2; Xing, Qianguo1; Shi, Ping1
2012
发表期刊AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM HEALTH & MANAGEMENT
ISSN1463-4988
卷号15期号:2页码:108-117
产权排序[Han, Qiuying; Xing, Qianguo; Shi, Ping] Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Coastal Zone Environm Proc, Shandong Prov Key Lab Coastal Zone Environm Proc, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res, Yantai 264003, Peoples R China; [Huang, Xiaoping] Chinese Acad Sci, LED, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China
摘要The coastal sea of South China provided an important habitat for protection and propagation of marine organisms. Rapid economic development and human activities, such as wastewater discharge, reclamation, overfishing and aquaculture in the South China Sea had already resulted in environmental degradation, and thus caused sharp contradictions between exploitation and protection of the coastal sea of South China. In this present article, the main environment problems and degradation trends were reviewed based on literatures and other sources of information, which mainly referenced nutrient pollution, persistent organic pollution and metal pollution, decrease of biodiversity, reduction of marine habitat and frequent natural and ecological disasters. The current efforts in China on protecting the environment in the coastal sea of South China were discussed, which included improving legislation by formulating a series of laws and regulations at national or local level, setting up natural reserves, and supporting research projects. There were many challenges regarding policy, management and science research to protect and sustain the coastal sea of South China, such as imperfect legal and administrative systems, lack of public participation, poor financial support and lack of monitoring and evaluation. Finally, some recommendations were put forward for the sake of the sustainable use of the environment in the coastal sea of South China, including reinforcing the planning of marine resource exploitation and use through integrated coastal zone management, strengthening the marine environment and protection awareness of the public, and scientifically establishing the fishery spawning spots and aquatic reserves.; The coastal sea of South China provided an important habitat for protection and propagation of marine organisms. Rapid economic development and human activities, such as wastewater discharge, reclamation, overfishing and aquaculture in the South China Sea had already resulted in environmental degradation, and thus caused sharp contradictions between exploitation and protection of the coastal sea of South China. In this present article, the main environment problems and degradation trends were reviewed based on literatures and other sources of information, which mainly referenced nutrient pollution, persistent organic pollution and metal pollution, decrease of biodiversity, reduction of marine habitat and frequent natural and ecological disasters. The current efforts in China on protecting the environment in the coastal sea of South China were discussed, which included improving legislation by formulating a series of laws and regulations at national or local level, setting up natural reserves, and supporting research projects. There were many challenges regarding policy, management and science research to protect and sustain the coastal sea of South China, such as imperfect legal and administrative systems, lack of public participation, poor financial support and lack of monitoring and evaluation. Finally, some recommendations were put forward for the sake of the sustainable use of the environment in the coastal sea of South China, including reinforcing the planning of marine resource exploitation and use through integrated coastal zone management, strengthening the marine environment and protection awareness of the public, and scientifically establishing the fishery spawning spots and aquatic reserves.
通讯作者Han, QY (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Coastal Zone Environm Proc, Shandong Prov Key Lab Coastal Zone Environm Proc, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res, Yantai 264003, Peoples R China.,qyhan@yic.ac.cn
关键词Nutrient Heavy Metal Persistent Organic Pollutant Disaster Sustainable Management
作者部门海岸带信息集成与综合管理实验室
学科领域Ecology ; Environmental Sciences ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Water Resources
项目资助者External Cooperation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[GJHZ200811]; National Science Foundation of China[41076069, 40776086]; Youth National Science Foundation of Shandong Province[ZR2009EQ006]; LED Open Project, CAS; LMB Open Project, CAS
收录类别SCI
关键词[WOS]PEARL RIVER ESTUARY ; POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS ; DAYA BAY ; SEDIMENT PROFILES ; HONG-KONG ; PAHS
文章类型Review
语种英语
资助项目Han, Qiuying; Huang, Xiaoping; Xing, Qianguo; Shi, Ping
WOS研究方向Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Water Resources
WOS记录号WOS:000306323300002
引用统计
被引频次:5[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.yic.ac.cn/handle/133337/6153
专题海岸带信息集成与综合管理实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Coastal Zone Environm Proc, Shandong Prov Key Lab Coastal Zone Environm Proc, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res, Yantai 264003, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, LED, S China Sea Inst Oceanol, Guangzhou 510301, Guangdong, Peoples R China
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Han, Qiuying,Huang, Xiaoping,Xing, Qianguo,et al. A review of environment problems in the coastal sea of South China[J]. AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM HEALTH & MANAGEMENT,2012,15(2):108-117.
APA Han, Qiuying,Huang, Xiaoping,Xing, Qianguo,&Shi, Ping.(2012).A review of environment problems in the coastal sea of South China.AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM HEALTH & MANAGEMENT,15(2),108-117.
MLA Han, Qiuying,et al."A review of environment problems in the coastal sea of South China".AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM HEALTH & MANAGEMENT 15.2(2012):108-117.
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