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Measurements of Black and Organic Carbon Emission Factors for Household Coal Combustion in China: Implication for Emission Reduction
Chen, Yingjun1; Zhi, Guorui2; Feng, Yanli3; Liu, Dongyan1; Zhang, Gan4; Li, Jun4; Sheng, Guoying4; Fu, Jiamo4
2009-12-15
发表期刊ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
ISSN0013-936X
卷号43期号:24页码:9495-9500
产权排序Chinese Acad Sci, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res;Chinese Acad Meteorol Sci, Key Lab Atmospher Chem, Ctr Atmosphere Watch & Serv CMA;Shanghai Univ, Inst Environm Pollut & Hlth, Sch Environm & Chem Engn;Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Organ Geochem, Guangzhou Inst Geochem
摘要Household coal combustion is considered as the greatest emission source for black carbon (BC) and an important source for organic carbon (OC) in China. However, measurements on BC and OC emission factors (EFBC and EFOC) are still scarce, which result in large uncertainties in emission estimates. In this study, a detailed data set of EFBC and EFOC for household coal burning was presented on the basis of 38 coal/stove combination experiments. These experiments included 13 coals with a wide coverage of geological maturity which were tested in honeycomb-coal-briquette and raw-coal-chunk forms in three typical coal stoves. Averaged values of EFBC are 0.004 and 0.007 g/kg for anthracite in briquette and chunk forms and 0.09 and 3.05 g/kg for bituminous coal, respectively; EFOC are 0.06 and 0.10 g/kg for anthracite and 3.74 and 5.50 g/kg for bituminous coal in both forms, respectively. Coal maturity was found to be the most important influencing factor relative to coal's burning forms and the stove's burning efficiency, and when medium-volatile bituminous coals (MVB) are excluded from use, averaged EFBC and EFOC for bituminous coal decrease by 50% and 30%, respectively. According to these EFs, China's BC and OC emissions from the household sector in 2000 were 94 and 244 gigagrams (Gg), respectively. Compared with previous BC emission estimates for this sector (e.g., 465 Gg by Ohara et al., Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2007, 7, 4419-4444), a dramatic decrease was observed and was mainly attributed to the update of EFs. As suggested by this study, if MVB is prohibited as household fuel together with further promotion of briquettes, BC and OC emissions in this sector will be reduced by 80% and 34%, respectively, and then carbonaceous emissions can be controlled to a large extent in China.
通讯作者Chen, YJ, Chinese Acad Sci, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res, Yantai 264003, Shandong, Peoples R China
关键词Polycyclic Aromatic-hydrocarbons Elemental Carbon Air-pollution Particles Climate Inventory Stoves Matter Smoke Soot
作者部门污染过程与控制实验室
学科领域Engineering ; Environmental ; Environmental Sciences
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundations of China [40605033, 40773047, 40973071]; Knowledge Innovative Programs of CAS [KZCX2-YW-Q07-04, K7CXI-YW-06]; Department of Science and Technology of Shandong Province [2007GG2QT06018]; Earmarked Fund of the State Key
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收录类别SCI
关键词[WOS]POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS ; ELEMENTAL CARBON ; AIR-POLLUTION ; PARTICLES ; CLIMATE ; INVENTORY ; STOVES ; MATTER ; SMOKE ; SOOT
文章类型Article
语种英语
WOS研究方向Engineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS记录号WOS:000272462500071
引用统计
被引频次:57[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.yic.ac.cn/handle/133337/3539
专题污染过程与控制实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res, Yantai 264003, Shandong, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Meteorol Sci, Key Lab Atmospher Chem, Ctr Atmosphere Watch & Serv CMA, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China
3.Shanghai Univ, Inst Environm Pollut & Hlth, Sch Environm & Chem Engn, Shanghai 200444, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Organ Geochem, Guangzhou Inst Geochem, Guangzhou 510640, Peoples R China
第一作者单位中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所
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Chen, Yingjun,Zhi, Guorui,Feng, Yanli,et al. Measurements of Black and Organic Carbon Emission Factors for Household Coal Combustion in China: Implication for Emission Reduction[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY,2009,43(24):9495-9500.
APA Chen, Yingjun.,Zhi, Guorui.,Feng, Yanli.,Liu, Dongyan.,Zhang, Gan.,...&Fu, Jiamo.(2009).Measurements of Black and Organic Carbon Emission Factors for Household Coal Combustion in China: Implication for Emission Reduction.ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY,43(24),9495-9500.
MLA Chen, Yingjun,et al."Measurements of Black and Organic Carbon Emission Factors for Household Coal Combustion in China: Implication for Emission Reduction".ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 43.24(2009):9495-9500.
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