YIC-IR  > 中科院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室
氮素形态配比对黄河三角洲盐渍土区冬小麦幼苗生长的影响
Alternative TitleEffects of the Ratio of Different Nitrogen Fertilizers on Growth of Winter Wheat Seedling in Saline Soil in the Yellow River Delta
文佩; 陈小兵; 王佳宇; 张乐乐; 刘新程; 张立宾; 孙海栓; 秦松
Source Publication灌溉排水学报
ISSN1672-3317
2018-10-15
Volume37Issue:10Pages:69-74
Keyword氮素 盐胁迫 苗期 冬小麦
MOST Discipline Catalogue水土资源管理
DOI10.13522/j.cnki.ggps.20170064
Contribution Rank(1)中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所; (2)中国科学院大学; (3)中国农业大学(烟台); (4)烟台大学; (5)东营市科技情报研究所; (6)山东省汇邦渤海农业开发有限公司
Department中国科学院海岸带环境过程重点实验室
AbstractThe aim of this paper was to investigate the effects of the ratio of different nitrogen fertilizers on growth of winter wheat seedling in saline soil in Yellow River Delta.【Method】Costal saline soils at three salinities were studied: 0.9 g/kg (S1), 1.9 g/kg (S2) and 2.9 g/kg (S2). The response of wheat seedlings grown in pots filled with these soils to different combinations of NO_3~--N and NH_4~+-N was investigated. We considered five NO_3~--N∶NH_4~+-N ratios: 100%∶0 (N100A0), 75%∶25% (N75A25), 5%∶50% (N50A50), 25%∶75% (N25A75), and 0∶100% (N0A100) ).【Result】① Nitrogen had a significant impact on the dry mass of the aboveground and underground, the dry mass of the aboveground and underground of winter wheat of N50A50 treatment was the largest. ②Under different salt levels, NO_3~--N∶NH_4~+-N was 75%∶25%, which could promote chlorophyll content of winter wheat, the chlorophyll and soluble sugar content of winter wheat were increased significantly at N75A25 or N50A50 treatment. ③The shoot and root dry weight and total nitrogen content of winter wheat at seedling stages were significantly increased at N50A50 treatment.【Conclusion】The optimal NO_3~--N and NH_4~+-N ratio was 50%∶50% and 75%∶25% in terms of promoting nitrogen uptake by the plant and the accumulation of soluble sugar and chlorophyll, as well as the dry matter of the seedling
Other Abstract【目的】了解外源施用氮素形态配比对黄河三角洲盐渍土区冬小麦幼苗生长的影响。【方法】以3种(0.90、1.90、2.90 g/kg)不同盐渍化程度的滨海盐土为对象,采用室内盆栽培养方法,探究在盐分胁迫下氮素形态配比(以N计,硝态氮、铵态氮质量比依次为100%∶0(N100A0)、75%∶25%(N75A25)、50%∶50%(N50A50)、25%∶75%(N25A75)、0∶100%(N0A100))对冬小麦幼苗生长的影响。【结果】(1)氮处理对冬小麦幼苗地上、地下部干质量影响极显著,其中N50A50处理冬小麦地上、地下部干质量最大。(2)各盐分水平下,NO_3~--N、NH_4~+-N质量比为75%∶25%能促进冬小麦叶绿素量增加,N50A50处理或N75A25处理有利于小麦幼苗可溶性糖量积累。(3)N50A50处理可显著增加冬小麦幼苗地上、地下部全氮量。【结论】综上所述,在0.90~2.90 g/kg盐度范围内,施用硝态氮和铵态氮的比例为50%∶50%或75%∶25%,有利于冬小麦在苗期更好地吸收氮素营养及积累糖分、叶绿素和干物质。
Funding Organization国家重点研发计划课题#2016YFD02003003 ; 山东省重点研发计划项目#201CYJS05A01-1,2017CXGC0316 ; 东营市重点研发计划项目#2016YF17
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6342588
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.yic.ac.cn/handle/133337/24669
Collection中科院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所;
2.中国科学院大学;
3.中国农业大学(烟台);
4.烟台大学;
5.东营市科技情报研究所;
6.山东省汇邦渤海农业开发有限公司
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
文佩,陈小兵,王佳宇,等. 氮素形态配比对黄河三角洲盐渍土区冬小麦幼苗生长的影响[J]. 灌溉排水学报,2018,37(10):69-74.
APA 文佩.,陈小兵.,王佳宇.,张乐乐.,刘新程.,...&秦松.(2018).氮素形态配比对黄河三角洲盐渍土区冬小麦幼苗生长的影响.灌溉排水学报,37(10),69-74.
MLA 文佩,et al."氮素形态配比对黄河三角洲盐渍土区冬小麦幼苗生长的影响".灌溉排水学报 37.10(2018):69-74.
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