Concentrations, spatial distribution, and risk assessment of soil heavy metals in a Zn-Pb mine district in southern China
Qi, JY; Zhang, HL; Li, XP; Lu, J; Zhang, GS; Li, XP (reprint author), Guangzhou Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China.; Zhang, GS (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res YIC, Key Lab Coastal Environm Proc & Ecol Remediat, 17th Chunhui Rd, Yantai 264003, Shandong, Peoples R China. lxping1@sina.com; gszhang@yic.ac.cn
2016-07-01
发表期刊ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
ISSN0167-6369
卷号188期号:7
产权排序[Qi, Jianying; Zhang, Hailong] Minist Environm Protect, South China Inst Environm Sci, Guangzhou 510655, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Li, Xiangping] Guangzhou Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China; [Lu, Jian; Zhang, Gaosheng] Chinese Acad Sci, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res YIC, Key Lab Coastal Environm Proc & Ecol Remediat, 17th Chunhui Rd, Yantai 264003, Shandong, Peoples R China
摘要China is one of the largest producers and consumers of lead and zinc in the world. Lead and zinc mining and smelting can release hazardous heavy metals such as Cd, Pb, Zn, and As into soils, exerting health risks to human by chronic exposure. The concentrations of Cd, Zn, Pb, and As in soil samples collected from a Pb-Zn mining area with exploitation history of 60 years were investigated. Health risks of the heavy metals in soil were evaluated using US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) recommended method. A geo-statistical technique (Kriging) was used for the interpolation of heavy metals pollution and Hazard Index (HI). The results indicated that the long-term Pb/Zn mining activities caused the serious pollution in the local soil. The concentrations of Cd, As, Pb, and Zn in topsoil were 40.3 +/- 6.3, 103.7 +/- 37.3, 3518.4 +/- 896.1, and 10,413 +/- 2973.2 mg/kg dry weight, respectively. The spatial distribution of the four metals possessed similar patterns, with higher concentrations around Aayiken (AYK), Maseka (MSK), and Kuangshan (KS) area and more rapidly dropped concentrations at upwind direction than those at downwind direction. The main pollutions of Cd and Zn were found in the upper 60 cm, the Pb was found in the upper 40 cm, and the As was in the upper 20 cm. The mobility of metals in soil profile of study area was classed as Cd > Zn >> Pb > As. Results indicated that there was a higher health risk (child higher than adult) in the study area. Pb contributed to the highest Hazard Quotient (57.0 +/- 73.9 %) for the Hazard Index.
关键词Heavy Metals Health Risk Assessment Pb/zn Smelting Kriging Interpolation
作者部门中科院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室
DOI10.1007/s10661-016-5406-0
项目资助者Environmental Protection Industry Research Special Funds for Public Welfare Projects of China(201409022 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(41203061) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; 201509051)
收录类别SCI
关键词[WOS]HEALTH-RISK ; DABAOSHAN MINE ; MINING AREA ; CONTAMINATION ; POLLUTION ; CROPS ; SPAIN ; IDENTIFICATION ; CHILDREN ; PROVINCE
文章类型Article
语种英语
WOS研究方向Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS记录号WOS:000378840300030
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.yic.ac.cn/handle/133337/17099
专题中科院海岸带环境过程与生态修复重点实验室
通讯作者Li, XP (reprint author), Guangzhou Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China.; Zhang, GS (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res YIC, Key Lab Coastal Environm Proc & Ecol Remediat, 17th Chunhui Rd, Yantai 264003, Shandong, Peoples R China. lxping1@sina.com; gszhang@yic.ac.cn
作者单位1.Minist Environm Protect, South China Inst Environm Sci
2.Guangzhou Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Yantai Inst Coastal Zone Res YIC, Key Lab Coastal Environm Proc & Ecol Remediat
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Qi, JY,Zhang, HL,Li, XP,et al. Concentrations, spatial distribution, and risk assessment of soil heavy metals in a Zn-Pb mine district in southern China[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT,2016,188(7).
APA Qi, JY.,Zhang, HL.,Li, XP.,Lu, J.,Zhang, GS.,...&gszhang@yic.ac.cn.(2016).Concentrations, spatial distribution, and risk assessment of soil heavy metals in a Zn-Pb mine district in southern China.ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT,188(7).
MLA Qi, JY,et al."Concentrations, spatial distribution, and risk assessment of soil heavy metals in a Zn-Pb mine district in southern China".ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT 188.7(2016).
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